All Easy Soilless Cultivation
Ebb and Flow Hydroponic System

What is Ebb and Flow?

     Ebb and flow hydroponics system also known as Flood and Drain, is one of the most widely recognized hydroponics systems out there. It is intermediate level in difficulty, relatively low-cost to set up, and extremely versatile. The basic concept of ebb and flow is very simple–plants are placed in a tray, which is periodically filled with nutrient-rich water pumped out of a reservoir below and then the system uses gravity to return the water to the reservoir to be reused. 

    The main principle behind the system is that the intermittent flooding occurs in cycles that allow the growing medium to dry out between them. The plants benefit from this short dry period because it forces their roots to grow in search of moisture; and the more a plant’s root system grows, the better it can absorb nutrients – and the faster and healthier the plant will grow!

How does Ebb and Flow work?

    The Ebb and Flow system works by intermittently flooding grow trays.  Grow trays come in a variety of types. Trays exist that that sit on top of greenhouse benches, or there are full commercial lines of ebb and flow benches (the entire bench top itself is a tray or series of trays).

   The trays are flooded with a nutrient solution that is pumped from a solution tank. The flooded tray drains the solution back into the solution tank but at a slower rate than it is filled, by the use of proprietary valves. This action is normally done with a submerged pump that is connected to a controller. When the controller turns the pump on, nutrient solution is pumped into the grow tray. When the controller shuts the pump off, the nutrient solution flows back into the reservoir.

   In order to prevent pathogen buildup, and to ensure that the fertilized solution continues to deliver the intended nutrients, it is important to drain or purge the solution tanks on a schedule that fits your growing plan. Voeks Inc. provides design and installation for all types of purging systems that adhere to local water quality control board mandates.

Why choose Ebb and Flow ?

   Flood and drain systems are popular hydroponics systems for several reasons, not the least of which is that they are quite easy to build. And because you don’t need any pricey specialize components for a basic ebb and flow hydroponics system, you can put one together using inexpensive, everyday materials.
   If you don’t have a lot of space available, a simple ebb and flow hydroponics system can be quite compact, with the reservoir located right below the growing container. However, these systems are scalable and adaptable to different growing needs.

    Another advantage is resource efficiency, since you are recycling the nutrient solution through the system rather than just running it through once then discarding it. This means you can let the automated system run itself for several days or weeks at a time, as long as it is set to meet the needs of your plants at their current stage of their growth cycle.

    But perhaps the biggest advantage of ebb and flow hydroponics is that you can achieve success with plants that don’t do so well in other hydroponic systems, such as cucumbers, beans, tomatoes, and other medium-to-large sized plants. Plants that are in their flowering and fruit-bearing stages respond particularly well to the practice of allowing the roots to dry out between irrigation cycles.

 What are basic elements of Ebb and Flow?

You may ask how to intall Ebb and Flow with all these elements. 
In fact, it is very EASY.