The Difference Between Intelligent Greenhouses and Traditional Greenhouses
In recent years, the nation vigorously implements the rural revitalization strategy, and a large number of rural complexes and modern agricultural parks have emerged. Through project construction, the integration of rural industries has been promoted, driving agricultural and rural development, increasing farmers' incomes, enriching people's cultural and spiritual lives, and achieving rural revitalization. In the construction of the industrial chain of rural complexes and modern agricultural parks, high-tech intelligent greenhouses are representative. Although facility agriculture is widely used, there are also mixed and uneven applications in actual use. Many people find it challenging to make a profit. Next, China Green Agro will introduce the advantages and disadvantages of intelligent greenhouses.
Disadvantages of Traditional Greenhouses In the current rural areas at the edge of China's urban and rural areas, traditional greenhouses such as wall and brick-concrete structures are the most common. These greenhouse structures are relatively simple, with low technical content, but they are very common in vast rural areas in China due to their low material costs and easy construction (villagers can build them themselves). Although these greenhouses are simple and low-cost, they perform poorly in insulation, pressure resistance, temperature control, and production efficiency. Greenhouse walls, like earth walls, occupy a large area, affecting the net planting area of the greenhouse, and have requirements for soil quality. If the wall is not well protected, it can be easily washed away by rain and snow, affecting its service life. Bamboo and wood greenhouse frame structures are simple, with weak resistance to wind and snow. Indoor columns affect indoor operating space. These low-end greenhouses require a lot of manpower and material resources for daily management such as seeding, pollination, temperature control, and picking. The production efficiency is very low, at a backward stage, and cannot meet the actual needs of the development of modern agricultural industrialization.
Advantages of New Intelligent Greenhouses With the continuous development of agricultural science and technology in our country, especially in recent years, with the increase in international exchanges, through the integration and introduction of foreign advanced greenhouse construction technology, soilless cultivation technology, and factory planting concepts, combined with domestic production practices, in continuous production practices, with the development of eco-rural tourism industry as the guide, a new intelligent greenhouse model suitable for China's actual situation has gradually formed. The new intelligent greenhouse has six significant advantages in modern agricultural production.
Beautiful and Generous Shape, Large Space The new intelligent greenhouse generally adopts a multi-span structure, which is the mainstream of modern greenhouses in the world. Theoretically, it can be an indefinite multi-span. In this way, it has a very generous appearance and open space. The land utilization rate is high, suitable for the mechanized operation and installation of various modern greenhouse equipment. The frame and other materials are generally produced by specialized factories, sturdy and beautiful, and wind and snow-resistant.
Wide Use, Strong Extension Function The new intelligent greenhouse is generally designed according to greenhouse specifications, and general greenhouse equipment and machinery can be matched with it. Various greenhouse equipment can be selected and configured according to the actual needs of specific applications. It can be used for high-tech vegetable demonstration gardens, plant factories, flower greenhouses, eco-tourism greenhouses, research greenhouses, seedling greenhouses, breeding greenhouses, etc.
High Technology Content, Precise Management In the new intelligent greenhouse, various sensors timely monitor the temperature, light, soil moisture, and carbon dioxide concentration in the greenhouse, and timely import the data into the intelligent greenhouse control system for analysis and control, generating data reports. The precise monitoring of the greenhouse environment and remote intelligent control create a comfortable environment for plant production.
Labor-saving, Efficient We only need to set the technical parameters required for crop growth on the computer. The greenhouse environment control system and the water and fertilizer integrated system can achieve intelligent control of the greenhouse. 2-3 people can control 20,000-30,000 square meters, greatly reducing labor. Daily management is basically mechanized, significantly improving production efficiency.
Significant Social Benefits The construction of the new intelligent greenhouse can not only accelerate the adjustment of China's agricultural industry structure, increase farmers' income, and promote agricultural industry development, but also provide high-quality, abundant, and safe agricultural products for Chinese residents, satisfying residents' needs for agricultural product quality, quantity, and food safety. Economic benefits are improved.
Firstly, the yield is significantly improved because water, temperature, and nutrient control are more reasonable, and cultivation facilities are more advanced. The yield of ordinary vegetables has increased by 30%-40%, and off-season cultivation can also be done, which has a distinct price advantage.
Secondly, the quality is significantly improved, and the color, shape, and nutritional content are significantly improved. It can also produce organic vegetables, rare vegetables, precious Chinese herbs, and various precious rare varieties that have high requirements for the environment in a scientific environment.